The Canary Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix canariensis, is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics.
This is a large palm that can tolerate cold down to 15F making it perfect for growing in zone 8b. It is very easy to grow, but does require some maintenance in order to keep its nice appearance.
|Scientific name:||Phoenix canariensis|
|Common names:||Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm, and Canary Island Palm.|
|Origin:||Native to Canary Islands and North Africa.|
|Growth Rate:||Slow. Up to 40 ft tall and 20 ft wide.|
|Cold Tolerance:||USDA Zones 8b (15 – 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F)|
|Light Req:||Full sun.|
|Water Req:||Moderate. Drought tolerant.|
|Soil Req:||Widely adaptable, well-drained.|
|Fruit:||Orange. Edible but not tasty.|
|Propagation:||Seed, germinating in 2-3 months.|
Canary Date Palm Identifying Characteristics
It has gray-brown stout trunk covered with old leaf bases in unique diamond shapes. The trunk is topped with a big crown of 45-50 large dark green leaves with 80-100 leaflets in two rows.
Arching pinnate, or feather-like, fronds can get up to 18ft long. Lower half of stem are covered with 2-3 inch sharp spines. Be careful while pruning.
Canary Date Palm Flowers and Fruits
The Canary Date Palm produces small creamy flowers held by branched stalks. The Canary Date Palm is dioecious, male and female grow on the same inflorescence.
Female flowers are followed by orange-brown to dark purple round fruits, ½ inch in diameter. Fruits are fleshy, date-like, grow in clusters. They are edible but not tasty.
How to Care For Canary Date Palm
It is not a self-cleaning palm, so you need to cut off dead leaves to maintain its beautiful appearance other wise you will end with decomposing leaves hanging from below the palm’s canopy. When pruned correctly, the bottom of the crown has a so called nut that looks like a pineapple, hence the name Pineapple Palm.
Phoenix canariensis is a massive palm tree that can grow up to 40 ft tall and 15-20 ft wide. It’s cold hardy to about 15-20F. It can also tolerate drought when mature enough. Great for growing in USDA Zones 8b (15 to 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F).
The Canary Date Palm grows well in full sun but can survive partial shade. It likes moist but well drained soil and is very drought tolerant.
To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season.
Generally healthy palm, but occasionally can have problems with Palmetto weevils, palm-leaf skeletonizer, lethal yellowing, magnesium deficiency, ganoderma, sigmina leaf spot, graphiola false smut, phytophthora bud rot.