Canary Date Palm Tree – Phoenix canariensis

The Canary Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix canariensis, is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics.  This is a large palm that can tolerate cold down to 15F making it perfect for growing in zone 8b. It is very easy to grow, but does require some maintenance in order to keep its nice appearance.

Buy Large Canary Island Date – 30 ft »
Buy Medium Canary Island Date – 9 ft »
Buy Small Canary Island Date – 3 ft »

Canary Date Palm Tree Profile

Scientific name: Phoenix canariensis

Common names: It is also known as Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm, and Canary Island Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to Canary Islands and North Africa.

Appearance: It has gray-brown stout trunk covered with old leaf bases in unique diamond shapes. The trunk is topped with a big crown of 45-50 large dark green leaves with 80-100 leaflets in two rows. Arching pinnate, or feather-like, fronds can get up to 18ft long. Lower half of stem are covered with 2-3 inch sharp spines. Be careful while pruning.

Flowers/Fruits: The Canary Date Palm produces small creamy flowers held by branched stalks. The Canary Date Palm is dioecious, male and female grow on the same inflorescence. Female flowers are followed by orange-brown to dark purple round fruits, ½ inch in diameter. Fruits are fleshy, date-like, grow in clusters. They are edible but not tasty.

Growth Rate: Phoenix canariensis is a massive palm tree that can grow up to 50-60 ft tall and 15-20 ft wide.

Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both. The Canary Island Date Palm Tree can also grow in a pot.

Cold Tolerance: It is cold hardy to about 15-20F. It can also tolerate drought when mature enough. Great for growing in USDA Zones 8b (15 to 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F).

There is a great book, written by David A. Francko that I really like, it’s called “Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas”. It goes into the details on how you can grow cold hardy palms in zones 7, 6 and even 5. This is the perfect foundation book for the gardener who would like to see a banana next to his cherry tree and a palm between his maples.

Light Req: Partial shade to full sun. The Canary Date Palm grows well in full sun but can survive partial shade.

Water Req: Moderate. Likes moist but well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. It is not a self-cleaning palm, so you need to cut off dead leaves to maintain its beautiful appearance other wise you will end with decomposing leaves hanging from below the palm’s canopy. When pruned correctly, the bottom of the crown has a so called nut that looks like a pineapple, hence the name Pineapple Palm.

To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season.

Insects and Diseases: Generally healthy palm.

Propagation: Propagated by seed.

Buy Canary Date Palm Today

We don’t sell palm trees on this site, but you can buy it from one of my favorite palm nurseries – Real Palm Trees. It has beautiful palm trees at discounted prices and offers a Free Shipping. This is one of the few sites that I trust, because each palm tree comes with Certificate of Authenticity that guarantees highest quality of the tree. All of their palm trees are properly grown and acclimatized to the correct hardiness zone.

Most importantly, you will receive a tree in perfect health and wouldn’t have to worry about it dying few weeks later. 100% Satisfaction Guarantee or you money back. 

Buy Large Canary Island Date – 30 ft »
Buy Medium Canary Island Date – 9 ft »
Buy Small Canary Island Date – 3 ft »

~Susan Brian

P.S. If you like this palm tree, please click “Like” button below.


  1. adrian o'brian says

    I leave in San Antonio do you know if this type of trees will survive or grow in that area?

  2. Brandon Boldrini says

    How much should canary palms be watered? Gallon wise and how often? I have to 25ft canary palms and I’m worried because the tips of the fronds about a foot down on the new ones are burnt or dead looking, What might be the cause? Thanks

  3. Brandon Boldrini says

    I have 2 15 foot canary palms and the ends of the frowns are turning brown and are much smaller than the rest of the frown – any ideas?

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