The Chinese Fan Palm Tree, scientific name Livistona chinensis, is getting very popular in Florida landscapes. It is also great for indoors and can be used as a houseplant. This palm is very cold hardy and can tolerate drought which makes is great for desert conditions.
With some cold protection, this palm can grow in states like Alabama, Arkansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Texas.
|Scientific name:||Livistona chinensis|
|Common names:||Chinese Fan Palm, Chinese Fountain Palm, Fountain Palm.|
|Origin:||Native to China and southern Japan.|
|Growth Rate:||Slow. Up to 25 ft tall and 15 ft wide.|
|Cold Tolerance:||USDA Zones 9a (20 – 25 F) to 11 (above 40 F).|
|Light Req:||Partial shade to full sun|
|Soil Req:||Widely adaptable.|
|Fruit:||Yes. Grayish-blue. Not edible.|
Chinese Fan Palm Identifying Characteristics
Livistona chinensis has a single straight grey-brown trunk ringed with old leaf scars. It is slightly swollen at the base, about 17-18 inches in diameter.
Trunk is topped with an evergreen dense crown of palmate, or fan shaped, leaves that droop downward creating fountain-like effect. Large, partially segmented leaves can grow up to 6ft in diameter and range from bluish green to glossy olive green in color. The petioles are armed with sharp thorns.
Chinese Fan Palm Flowers and Fruits
The Chinese Fan Palm produces yellow-cream flowers that are held by, shorter than the leaves, inflorescence. Flowers are bisexual, male and female flowers grow on the same plant. Flowers are followed by small, oval fruits 1 inch long. Green fruits turn dark blue to blue-gray when ripe.
How To Care For Chinese Fan Palm
In its native habitat this slow growing palm can grow up to 50ft tall, but in cultivation it usually doesn’t get taller than 25ft and 15 ft wide. This palm will grow faster if fertilized.
It’s cold hardy and can tolerate cold up to 10F. It is great for growing in USDA Zones 9a (20 to 25 F) to 11 (above 40 F).
It grows best in partial shade or full sun. Prefers moist but well drained soil. Chinese Fan Palm tolerates drought very well.
To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season.
Propagated by seeds.