The European Fan Palm Tree, scientific name Chamaerops humilis, has become very popular in recent years, mostly due to its cold hardiness that makes it perfect for landscape in USDA zones 9-11. The European Fan Palm is also known as Mediterranean Fan Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, and Palmito.
Chamaerops humilis grows in multiple trunk clumps reaching up to 10-13ft in height. Growing from the base sucklings, give this palm a shrubby look. The European Fan Palm can reach up to 10ft in width.
Trunks are covered in old leaf bases and brown fibers can reach 9 inches in diameter. The European Fan Palm is a slow growing palm that rarely grows higher than 13ft. It can take 10-15 years for it to achieve 8ft.
It has triangular, palmate, or fan shaped, leaves that range from blue green to silvery gray in color. Leaves grow outward then upward. They grow up to 25 inches long and 25 inches wide, supported by 4ft stems. Stems are covered with sharp thorns, so you need to be careful when pruning them.
During late spring months the European Fan Palm produces small yellow flowers. The flowers are monoecious, individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant. Flowers are followed by green fruits that turn brown when ripe. Fruits are around 0.5 inch in diameter, develop in fall and are not edible.
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