The Cabbage Palm Tree, scientific name Sabal palmetto, has gain popularity because it is very durable and will tolerate a wide variety of soil and weather conditions. The Cabbage Palm is also known as Sabal Palm, Carolina Palmetto, and Sabal Palmetto.
In the wild Sabal palmetto can grow up to 80ft tall, but in cultivation it usually doesn’t get higher than 30ft. The Cabbage Palm has a single, gray, unbranched trunk covered with old leaf bases, also known as boots. Leaf bases create a criss-cross pattern. It gets smoother as the palm matures. Trunk is about 10-15 inches in diameter.
Because there is no crownshaft, large leaves grow right from the trunk spreading in all directions 15-25 ft wide. Leaves range in color from bright green to deep olive green.
Spineless stems are about 5-6 ft long. The Cabbage Palm has costapalmate type leaves, mix of palmate and pinnate, or mix of feather shaped and fan shaped leaves. Leaves have 50-80 leaflets that are about 1″ to 2″ wide.
In the summer, the Cabbage Palm bears small creamy to white flowers that droop in clusters from within the crown. Fragrant flowers are held by 2ft long branching inflorescence. Flowers are followed by a black fruit 1/3 inch with a single seed inside. The Cabbage Palm fruit is edible.
The Cabbage Palm is very durable and resistant to breaking with strong root system which penetrates the soil to 15-20 feet deep.
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